Tokyo College Event “Kidney Diseases: Taming the Silent Killer” by Prof. Mark D. Okusa - Tokyo College

Tokyo College Event “Kidney Diseases: Taming the Silent Killer” by Prof. Mark D. Okusa

When:
2019.09.19 @ 17:00 – 18:30
2019-09-19T17:00:00+09:00
2019-09-19T18:30:00+09:00

Tokyo College held a public lecture on “Kidney Diseases: Taming the Silent Killer.”

On September 19, 2019, Professor Mark D. Okusa (University of Virginia) gave a lecture on “Kidney Diseases: Taming the Silent Killer.” Professor Okusa, Chief of Nephrology at the University of Virginia and a leader in research relating to Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) and immunology introduced the burden of kidney disease (a global issue), kidney failure, health policy, and landmark studies in nephrology, and discussed forward-thinking kidney research and innovation. In the latter half of the session, Professor Okusa participated in a three-way discussion with Project Professor Reiko Inagi (University of Tokyo) and Associate Professor Kent Doi (University of Tokyo).

The function of the kidneys, and increasing kidney disease

After an explanation of the purpose of the lecture from Professor Satoru Ohtake (College Deputy Director), Professor Okusa stated that the kidneys are among the most important organs in the body, creating hormones and maintaining bone health, and influencing blood cells, excretion, and blood pressure, but kidney disease is a subtle and silent disease. At present there are 850 million people around the world suffering from kidney disease (twice the number of diabetics and 20 times the number of HIV patients), and even in Japan there are 13 million patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), and 300,000 people who have undergone dialysis or transplant. Although there are regional and gender differences, End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) has become a global problem.

Kidney disease as a global problem

Professor Okusa then positioned the cost of treating kidney disease as a global problem. Because kidney disease is expensive to treat, and because there is a limited number of the machines required for dialysis, there is the problem that access to treatment is not evenly distributed. Professor Okusa used the example of public health policy in the United States to explain this. In 1972 President Richard Nixon signed a law to extend the coverage of government-funded Medicare to include patients with kidney failure in America, resulting in the provision of subsidies for patients over 65 years old and to dialysis patients. In recent years, although it has become possible to use a new immunosuppressant drug azathioprine, and the potential for transplant has widened, the financial burden has continued to be a problem. Professor Okusa noted that governments will continue to bear the costs for treatment of kidney failure going forward, and that it is necessary to implement sustainable policies.

Innovation and the future

Professor Okusa introduced the genetic insights from a study of African-Americans, and research published in the New England Journal of Medicine in 2019 in which an association was indicated between canagliflozin and clinical outcomes for type 2 diabetes and kidney disease, as recent landmark studies. He said that in the future 3D and AI technologies may make it possible to predict kidney disease. However, Professor Okusa pointed out that it is necessary to overcome the significant gap referred to as the “valley of death” in order to apply new discoveries and innovations to actual treatment, and stated that public-private partnership is important in order to compensate for insufficient product development funding.

Three-way discussion

After the lecture, Professor Okusa participated in a three-way discussion with Project Professor Inagi, who specializes in molecular biology and nephrology, and Associate Professor Doi, who specializes in emergency medicine, considering the treatment of kidney disease and its future from the perspectives of research and treatment. The participants exchanged views on the future of artificial organs and the prevention of kidney disease, and there was a question from the floor on what is needed in the future to create an organ atlas. Professor Okusa responded that once we understand a single cell in the kidneys, we should understand which drugs can treat a particular disease. He also spoke some words of encouragement for the young doctors gathered at the venue, saying that nephrologists need to understand not only the kidneys, but also the heart, lungs, and digestive organs, and that nephrologists might be the best physicians.

 

Finished
Date(s) September 19th (Thu), 2019, 5:00-6:30pm (4:30 pm Doors Open)
Venue

Tetsumon Memorial Hall, The University of Tokyo (14F, Faculty of Medicine Experimental Research Bldg., Hongo Campus)

Registration Pre-registration required (250 seats available -First come, first served)
Language English and Japanese(Simultaneous translation available)
Organized by Tokyo College, The University of Tokyo
Contact tcevent@graffiti97.co.jp

Upcoming Events

Central Banks in the 21st Century (Lecture by Prof. Luiz Awazu PEREIRA DA SILVA)

イベント予定講演会/Lecture

Wednesday, May 29th, 2024, 15:00-16:30 JST

Central banks, and central bankers, stand at a crossroads. They face five major forks in the 21st century requiring careful reflection: (1) the re-emergence of inflation and uncertainties; (2) climate change; (3) inequality; (4) digital financial innovation; and (5) artificial intelligence. Modern central banks have always strengthened their analytical thinking when facing challenges in the past, balancing risks properly and choosing the best path. Now, these new issues imply that central banks will have to carefully identify and analyze their challenging implications.

Family-run Medical Institutions in Japan (Lecture by Prof. Roger GOODMAN)

イベント予定講演会/Lecture

Thursday, 30 May 2024, 14:00-15:30 JST

Around 80% of all hospitals and around 90% of clinics in Japan are private. Of these private institutions in total, up to 75% are family-run. This lecture sets out to fill a puzzling gap in the literature by describing the development and significance of dōzoku keiei iryō hōjin in the context of how the health system as a whole operates in Japan.

The Future of Globalization: A History (Lecture by Bill EMMOTT)

イベント予定講演会/Lecture

Tuesday, 4 June 2024, 16:00-17:30 JST

We are in an era in which globalization -- the connection of countries through trade, finance and ideas -- appears to be in retreat, as geopolitical tensions force governments to prioritize economic security and to try to "de-risk". Yet this is not the first time when globalization has been said to be reversing. By looking into history, we can understand what factors will truly determine the future course of globalization.

The Salon ー Conversations with Prominent Professors at the University of Tokyo (Season 2)

イベント予定対話/Dialogue

Every Friday from June 7, 2024 (Available from 17:00 JST)

“The Salon” is a dialogue series featuring distinguished scholars in the humanities at the University of Tokyo that aims to transcend disciplinary boundaries. It is hosted by Professor Naoko Shimazu of Tokyo College.The conversations occur over a cup of coffee. We invite you to listen to an informal discussion between experts in different fields, as if you are sitting next to them.This is a chance to see a new side of our guests that you have never seen before.

Previous Events

The Putative Unity of the West: On Anthropological Difference (Lecture by Prof. SAKAI Naoki)

イベント予定講演会/Lecture

Friday, 17 May 2024, 14:00-15:30 pm JST

The modern world's international landscape is shaped by an investment in anthropological difference since the emergence of "Europe" in the early modern era. This difference, distinguishing humanitas from anthropos, is anticipatory, guiding humanity's path as a regulative idea rather than a factual norm. It consolidates dichotomies such as Europe/Asia, West/Rest, and white/colored, fostering intricate affiliations. This lecture delves into the identity politics of whiteness, where individuals invest in European culture, Western civilization, and a race devoid of color. However, true belonging remains putative, only realized through contrast with the non-European, non-Western, and non-white.

Thinking through Permafrost (Lecture by Prof. Sabine DULLIN)

イベント予定講演会/Lecture

Tuesday, 14 May, 2024, 16:30-18:00 JST

In this lecture, Prof. Dullin will discuss how Permafrost was invented as a scientific issue, while also being a natural and meaningful ground for the native communities living on it. Then, she will show how Permafrost took, at the turn of the 21st century, a political meaning in the search for sovereignty in different Arctic substates, such as Yakutia.

What is a Global Historian’s Archive? (Lecture by Prof. Martin DUSINBERRE)

イベント予定講演会/Lecture

Friday, 10 May 2024, 10:30-12:00 JST

This lecture follows the Yamashiro-maru steamship across Asian and Pacific waters, innovatively reconstructing the lives of migrants who left Japan for work in Hawai'i, Southeast Asia and Australia in the late-nineteenth century. These stories bring together transpacific historiographies of settler colonialism, labour history and resource extraction in new ways. Drawing on an unconventional and deeply material archive, the lecture addresses key questions of method and authorial positionality in the writing of global history.

The Origin and Rise of Homo sapiens (Lecture by Prof. Jean-Jacques HUBLIN)

イベント予定講演会/Lecture

Thursday, 9 May 2024, 2:00-3:30 pm

The landscape of human evolution is marked by the diversification of archaic lineages, with various African populations having shaped the emergence of "modern" forms of Homo sapiens. Though "Green Sahara" climatic phases facilitated the migration of African populations, the expansion of Homo sapiens had little connection to environmental factors. This expansion saw the replacement of local populations and profound cultural transformations, ultimately resulting in the spread of a singular human species that continues to shape our environment today.

Conscience and Complexity (Lecture by Prof. Alexander R. GALLOWAY)

イベント予定講演会/Lecture

Tuesday, 7 May 2024, 10:00-11:00 am JST

Complexity questions the duality of existence, favoring multiplicity over singularity. In philosophy, Leibniz and Deleuze explored this intricacy. Mathematicians like Cantor, Gödel, and Turing delineated the boundaries of rationality. Freud and Lacan proposed the psyche's autonomy and symbolic realm. This ongoing discourse reaffirms metaphysics' relevance in contemporary thought, highlighting a preference for complexity.

Bringing Dark Heritage to Light: Monuments to Wartime Foreign Laborers in Japan (Lecture by Prof. Andrew GORDON)

イベント予定講演会/Lecture

Friday, 26 April 2024, 14:00-15:30 JST

Monuments mourning the deaths of wartime foreign laborers bring to mind two meanings of the term “dark” in relation to heritage: the commemoration of tragic episodes in history and the importance of little known, nearly hidden monuments to this history. What messages are conveyed at these doubly dark locations?


TOP